- Cannabidiol (CBD) oil can relieve pain and reduce inflammation, and much recent research claims that CBD can help treat migraines.
- What is migraine?
- Migraines: Types, characteristics and main symptoms.
- CBD oil as a treatment for migraines
- Effects of CBD on headaches
- How is CBD used for headaches?
- Other home remedies for headaches.
Cannabidiol (CBD) oil can alleviate pain and reduce inflammation, and many research Recent studies claim that CBD can help treat migraines.
The migraine is not a simple headache. Moreover, one term for it is a disorder that is known medically for multiple headaches. Generally, these pains affect one side of the head more acutely, causing more discomfort, and are often very difficult to treat or eliminate. Some pains last 3-4 hours, but others can last for several days, seriously affecting the quality of life of sufferers, causing nausea, vomiting and eye sensitivity.
The migraines can occur for a variety of reasons, and can be treated with medicines for the pain as the ibuprofen or the paracetamol. However, if you opt for a natural option, it is well known that one of the main molecules in cannabis, CBD or CBD oil, has been shown to reduce headaches.
What is migraine?
Migraine is a headache or temple pain that can cause severe pain or even a sensation on only one side of the head. It is often accompanied by nausea, vomiting and sensitivity to light and sound. Migraine attacks can last from hours to days, and the pain can be so intense that it interferes with your daily activities.
Some people experience a warning symptom known as an aura that occurs before or with the headache. An aura may include visual disturbances, such as flashes of light or blind spots, or other disturbances, such as tingling on one side of the face or in an arm or leg and slurred speech.
Migraines: Types, characteristics and main symptoms.
Medical professionals have come to identify 2 main types of migraines, which are as follows:
- Migraine without aura (common migraine). Most people who experience migraines have common migraines. This type of migraine causes a throbbing pain on one side of the head. The pain is moderate to severe and gets worse with normal physical activity. You may also have nausea and vomiting and feel worse around light and sound. The headache lasts from 1 to 48 hours if untreated. A common migraine does not start with an aura.
- Migraine with aura (classic migraine). Some people who experience migraines have an aura up to 30 minutes before they have a migraine. Symptoms of aura include seeing wavy lines, flashing lights or objects that look distorted. Other symptoms include a slight tingling sensation.
CBD oil as a treatment for migraines
The cannabis plant has more than 100 cannabinoids present in it, and CBD is only one of them.
It is different from tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is the compound in cannabis that produces a psychotropic effect.
There is no evidence that CBD produces these effects. discount. But it does have other beneficial effects on the body, which could include relief of chronic pain, relief of osteoarthritis and reduction of inflammation.
CBD can relieve pain because it affects specific receptors in the brain through our endocannabinoid system. These receptors are part of our endocannabinoid system (see image), which plays an important role in pain, inflammation and even immunity throughout the body.
The research have linked CBD oil to the following effects, which are relevant for the treatment of migraine:
- pain relief.
- relief of nausea.
- reduction of inflammation.
- reduction of seizures.
As with the opioid system that reacts to opiates (morphine, codeine), humans have a distinct receptor system for cannabinoids. Our endocannabinoid system (ECS) contains cannabinoid receptors (CB1, CBD2 and 5HT1A) and influences the activity of many other body systems (immune, nervous and hormonal). The phytocannabinoids in the cannabis plant function in a similar way to our naturally produced cannabinoids, called "endocannabinoids".
Effects of CBD on headaches
CBD has an analgesic effect
In 2018, a study confirmed the therapeutic benefits of cannabis or cannabidiol and associated treatment options for headaches and migraines.
CBD affects the serotonin system
CBD in combination with different concentrations of THC has a significant influence on the release of serotonin in the human body. This was confirmed in a study published in 1995.
CBD is astringent
Certain types of headache are associated with dilation of inflamed blood vessels. In most cases, astringent medications - i.e. medications that shrink the blood vessels again - are used to relieve the associated pain.
Cannabis has an astringent effect and is therefore even used successfully for cluster headaches.
CBD helps with nausea
A widespread and unpleasant symptom among migraine sufferers is nausea or even vomiting. Taking CBD products such as CBD oil can help improve nausea.
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How is CBD used for headaches?
CBD topically, on the skin.
Topicals are applied directly to sore skin, muscles or joints, where they can relieve pain by reducing inflammation. CBD creams usually include blended extracts of other plants, such as rosemary. This recipe not only makes it easier to spread the product on your skin, but also allows the CBD to penetrate more effectively.
CBD in sublingual form (not regulated in Spain).
In order to ingest CBD oil, first of all the container must be shaken to allow all elements to mix properly. It is advisable to use oils that contain more phytocannabinoids than just CBD, to enhance the entourage effect. After that you should load the dropper with the desired amount of drops and by lifting the tongue, apply the CBD oil underneath it. It is slower to act than topical use, but its effect is much more effective.
Other home remedies for headaches.
Essential oils are often used as natural remedies or as an antimicrobial in household cleaning products.
Lavender is an essential oil often recommended as a remedy for stress, anxiety and headaches. Another small study published in European Neurology found that inhaling lavender oil helped reduce the severity of migraines in some people.
The results are encouraging, but more research with larger samples is needed.
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Water, water, water
Not drinking enough water is a known migraine and headache trigger, and it only takes mild dehydration to trigger a headache.
People can try to drink more water every day to avoid dehydration. People with severe dehydration may initially need an oral rehydration solution to replace missing electrolytes.
Drinking water throughout the day and eating a healthy diet is usually enough to stay well hydrated.
A 2014 study of 100 participants compared the effectiveness of powdered ginger with sumatriptan, a common migraine medication.
The researchers found that the efficacy of ginger was statistically comparable to that of sumatriptan, and users were equally willing to continue with either treatment.
A definite benefit for migraine sufferers is that the use of ginger does no harm and, apart from an existing allergy, its use has no side effects.
- Acupressure for pain and headaches (2017, September 11).
- Allais, G., Rolando, S., Castagnoli Gabellari, I., Burzio, C., Airola, G., Borgogno, P., ... Benedetto, C. (2012, May). Acupressure in the control of migraine-associated nausea. Neurological Sciences, 33(Suppl 1), 207-210
- Biofeedback and relaxation training for headaches (2016, November 12).
- Headaches and dehydration (2016, July 16).
- Kisan, R., Sujan, M. U., Adoor, M., Rao, R., Nalini, A., Kutty, B. M., ... Sathyaprabha, T. N. (2014,July-December). Effect of Yoga on migraine: A comprehensive study using clinical profile and cardiac autonomic functions. International Journal of Yoga, 7(2), 126-132
- Langevin, H., & Bernstein, C. A. (2018, January 25). Acupuncture for headache
- Living with migraine: Diet and migraine (2017, September 21).
- Maghbooli, M., Golipour, F., Moghimi Esfandabadi, A., & Yousefi, M. (2014, March). Comparison between the efficacy between ginger and sumatriptan in the ablative treatment of the common migraine. Phytotherapy Research, 28(3), 412-415
- Magnesium may be effective for migraine. (n.d.)
- Migraine and diet. (2016, January 1)
- Minton, L. S. (2018, June). Vitamins
- Raising money for migraine research (n.d.)
- Sasannejad, P., Saeedi, M., Shoeibi, A., Gorji, A., Abbasi, M., & Foroughipour, M. (2012, April 17). Lavender essential oil in the treatment of migraine headache: A placebo-controlled clinical trial [Abstract]. European Neurology, 67(5), 288-291
- Stough, C., Simpson, T., Lomas, J., McPhee, G., Billings, C., Myers, S., ... Downey, L. A. (2014, December 22). Reducing occupational stress with a B-vitamin focused intervention: A randomized clinical trial: Study protocol. Nutrition Journal, 13, 1222
- Stress and migraine (2017, March 16).
- Vickers, A. J., Cronin, A. M., Maschino, A. C., Lewith, G., MacPherson, H., Foster, N. E., ... Linde, K. (2012, October 22). Acupuncture for chronic pain: Individual patient data meta-analysis. Archives of Internal Medicine, 172(19), 1444-1453