Discover the history, benefits and properties of CBD, a natural compound found in the cannabis plant.
The plant in Cannabis Sativa L is known to produce a variety of compounds, cannabinoids being the most prominent and unique to this species. Among them, cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the main ones, along with Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), of the more than 120 in the plant.
Phytocannabinoids, such as CBD, contain unique therapeutic properties, including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, analgesic, neuroprotective and anxiolytic effects. These effects have been extensively studied and documented.Regenerate response
What is the difference between CBD and THC?
Cannabis Sativa L contains a variety of cannabinoids, CBD and THC being the most common. However, the CBD has a higher therapeutic potential because of its lack of psychoactive effects, unlike THC.
Despite this, THC also has significant therapeutic benefits. The main difference is that CBD has anxiolytic properties, modulating CB1 receptors in the brain, and antagonising the unwanted psychoactive effects of THC in some patients and age groups.
Moreover, unlike THC, CBD is not addictivebut has been shown to be beneficial for smoking cessation and reducing the use of other addictive substances by reducing the anxiety of periods of abstinence through its intervention in the brain's reward process.
Several researchers are currently studying the combination of different cannabinoids, such as CBD and THC in different proportions, to develop new therapies for various diseases.
What is the origin of CBD?
The origin of the CBD begins with the plant of Cannabis Sativa L., which has been used for millennia with medicinal, therapeutic purposes. This plant contains more than 500 natural compoundsincluding terpenes and flavonoids, as well as more than 120 different cannabinoids. While THC and CBD are the most well known, other cannabinoids such as THC and CBD are also found in the cannabis plant. CBN, CBG and CBC have also been the subject of study in recent years.
CBD is extracted from the flower of the plant and has been shown to have several therapeutic properties. Unlike THC, CBD has no psychoactive effects, which makes it more interesting as a therapeutic agent for many patients. The Dr. Cristina Sánchezcannabinoid expert and part of the Spanish Medical Cannabis Observatory, describes Cannabis as a "whole pharmacy in a plant", which underlines the large number of beneficial compounds that can be found in this plant.
When was CBD discovered?
The use of the Cannabis by humans dates back thousands of years, both for industrial and medicinal purposes. However, in the 19th century, the prohibition campaign led by the US government blocked its advancement and use due to political and economic interests. Even though it was scientifically proven that the Cannabis plant had a high therapeutic value and a very low hazard, it was classified as a substance of very high risk and of no therapeutic value in the 1961 Single Convention.
This legal classification made research on the plant difficult in both the US and Europe.
In the 1960s, however, the researcher Raphael Mechoulam isolated and synthesised the structures of the THC and CBD in Jerusalem, which led to research into the therapeutic properties of cannabinoids. In the 1990s, it was discovered that human and animal bodies possess specific receptors for cannabinoids and produce cannabinoids of their own. This led to research into the endocannabinoid systemwhich we discussed in a previous article.
What are the benefits of CBD?
Medical applications of CBD Cannabidiol (CBD) is a molecule with multiple medical applications that has proven to be effective in the treatment of various diseases and symptoms. Some of the main therapeutic properties of CBD, which have been demonstrated with varying levels of scientific evidence, are described below:
- Anti-inflammatoryCBD has anti-inflammatory properties that can help reduce inflammation in different parts of the body, such as the joints in cases of arthritis or osteoarthritis.
- AnalgesicCBD can act as an analgesic, reducing the sensation of pain in the body.
- AntioxidantCBD is a powerful antioxidant, which helps protect cells from oxidative damage and prevents premature ageing.
- AnxiolyticCBD has anxiolytic properties that can help reduce symptoms of anxiety and stress.
- AnticonvulsantCBD is effective in the treatment of seizures in different neurological disorders, such as epilepsy.
- NeuroprotectiveCBD is neuroprotective, which means it can protect the nervous system from various injuries and damage.
- Anti-nausea and anti-emeticCBD can help reduce symptoms of nausea and vomiting in patients suffering from cancer or undergoing chemotherapy treatments.
Although more clinical studies are needed to confirm the efficacy of CBD in the treatment of these diseases, existing research indicates that CBD may be beneficial for a wide range of symptoms and medical conditions.
How should I use CBD?
There are two main formats for CBD use:
- Topical UseIn Spain, CBD is commonly used in topical products, such as balmsoils and creams. CBD has multiple receptors in the skin, muscles and joints, making it effective in these areas. Applying CBD topically to the skin can help relieve inflammation and afflictions such as acne, psoriasis and eczema.
- Sublingual use: Sublingual use of CBD involves placing a few drops of CBD in the mouth. CBD oil or bucco-dispensable tablets under the tongue to be absorbed through the mucosa of the mouth. This method allows for faster and more effective absorption throughout the body due to the large number of blood vessels present in the mouth. Although this use is not regulated in Spain, in countries such as the USA, Canada, the UK, Germany, Italy and Switzerland it is used as a food supplement to optimise the effects of CBD oil on non-local problems.
What does it feel like to consume CBD?
The CBD can affect different people differently, although it is often described as a feeling of calm y relaxation both at the physical as mentalwithout producing the psychotropic effects of THC.
In terms of physical effects, it can feel similar to relaxation after a massage, while on a mental level it can be compared to the feeling of relief and peace when changing from a noisy environment to a quiet one. quiet.
In addition, some people describe the effect of CBD as the simple elimination of symptoms or discomfort associated with their illnesses or afflictions. This is why CBD is often used to improve quality of life without experiencing negative side effects.
Does CBD have side effects?
CBD is generally regarded as a safe substance with no serious adverse effects. However, oral consumption of CBD can cause mild to moderate side effects such as tiredness, drowsiness, dry mouth, dizziness and decreased appetite. These side effects generally subside once the product is discontinued.
Interaction of CBD with medicines
Although some studies have been published on how CBD may interact with other medicines, there is still a lack of clinical research in this field. In general, it is recommended not to combine CBD with other medicines due to the possibility of slowing down the absorption of other substances.
In addition, there are currently not enough clinical studies on how CBD may affect pregnancy and breastfeeding. Therefore, the use of CBD during these periods is not recommended.
Where to buy the best CBD?
CBD-containing products can be purchased from a number of shops, including online shops, herbalists, pharmacies and specialised cannabis product shops.