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What is the difference between CBD and THC?


CBD vs. THC: The Basics

CBD (cannabidiol) and THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) are two chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant. Although they share a similar molecular structure, they have very different effects on the human body.

THC is the main psychoactive compound in cannabis, which means that it is responsible for the psychoactive effects that produce the euphoria or 'high' felt after smoking or consuming cannabis. THC binds to cannabinoid receptors in the brain and other parts of the body, resulting in effects such as increased appetite, muscle relaxation and pain relief.

On the other hand, CBD is not psychoactive and does not produce euphoric effects. Instead, it has been shown to have a variety of therapeutic effects, such as reducing anxiety, inflammation and pain. CBD can also mitigate some of the unwanted side effects of THC, such as anxiety and paranoia.

In summary, although both compounds are found in the cannabis plant, they have very different effects on the body. THC is psychoactive and produces a "high", while CBD is non-psychoactive and has been shown to have therapeutic effects.

What is CBD?

CBD (cannabidiol) is a naturally occurring chemical compound found in the cannabis plant. It is one of more than 100 compounds known as cannabinoids found in the plant. Unlike THC, CBD is not psychoactive, which means it does not produce the euphoric or "high" effects associated with cannabis use.

This compound has gained popularity in recent years due to its potential effectiveness in the treatment of a variety of health conditions. It has been shown to have analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anxiolytic, anticonvulsant and neuroprotective properties. It has also been used to treat conditions such as epilepsy, anxiety, chronic pain, insomnia and inflammation.

Cannabidiol is known to be consumed in a variety of forms, including oils, capsules, topical creams, edibles and vape products. Importantly, while CBD is found in the cannabis plant, it can also be extracted from other plants in the hemp family, such as the industrial hemp plant.

What is THC?

THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) is a psychoactive chemical compound found in the cannabis plant. It is one of the best known cannabinoids and is responsible for the euphoric or 'high' effects felt after smoking or consuming cannabis.

This compound, an antagonist to CBD, binds to cannabinoid receptors in the brain and other parts of the body, resulting in a variety of effects, including increased appetite, muscle relaxation, decreased coordination and pain relief. It has also been shown to have analgesic, anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties.

It can be consumed in a variety of ways, such as smoking, vaporising, eating or topical use. It is important to note that THC is still illegal in many countries, including some states in the United States, so THC use may be illegal under local laws. In addition, THC use can have unwanted side effects, such as anxiety, paranoia and short-term memory impairment.

Where are CBD and THC obtained from?

Both the CBD as the THC are cannabinoids found in the Cannabis sativa plant, commonly known as marijuana. However, while the CBD can also be found in the hemp plant, which is a variety of cannabis, THC is only produced in the cannabis plant.

Traditionally, cannabidiol was only found in hemp, but due to the growing demand for this compound among consumers, breeders have been working on cannabis plants capable of producing CBD. Therefore, nowadays it is common to find marijuana plants that do not contain significant levels of THC, but high percentages of CBD.

In short, although Both cannabinoids are found in the cannabis plant, CBD can also be found in the hemp plant, while THC is only produced in the cannabis plant. In addition, breeders have worked to create cannabis plants that produce high levels of CBD and low levels of THC to meet consumer demand.

What is the difference between hemp and marijuana?

Hemp and marijuana are two different varieties of the same botanical species, Cannabis sativa. Although similar, there are some significant differences between the two.

The main difference is that marijuana contains significant levels of THC, while hemp contains little or no THC.

THC is the psychoactive compound that produces the euphoric or euphoria-producing effects of "rush". associated with marijuana use. Hemp, on the other hand, is cultivated mainly for its fibre and its content of CBDwhich has no psychoactive effects.

Another difference is the way the two plants are grown. Hemp is grown primarily for its fibre and is cultivated in large agricultural fields, while marijuana is typically grown in small indoor or outdoor plantations to maximise flower and resin production.

There are also differences in the appearance of the two plants. Hemp is a tall, slender plant with narrow leaves, while marijuana is shorter and stockier with broad leaves and dense flowers.

How do CBD and THC affect the body?

Both cannabinoids interact with the endocannabinoid system of the human body, but their effects are different. While THC affects certain parts of the brain and can alter our mental abilities, THC and THC can have different effects. CBD does not produce any psychoactive effects and does not alter our cognitive functions.

This is the main difference in how both cannabinoids affect our body: if we consume CBD, our mind continues to function normally, but if we consume THC, it can affect our ability to think clearly.

The effects of the CBD often include muscle relaxation, reduced seizures and reduced anxietyamong others. On the other hand, THC is associated with psychoactive effects and is also attributed with narcotic, relaxing and anti-inflammatory properties.

What is the entourage effect?

The entourage effect refers to the synergy or interaction between the different cannabinoids, terpenes and other compounds present in the cannabis plant. It is believed that these components work together to produce more potent and broader therapeutic effects than they could achieve in isolation.

For example, some studies suggest that the THC and CBD work better together to reduce inflammation and pain than when used individually.

Other studies have shown that certain terpenes may enhance the ability of THC to cross the blood-brain barrier, which may improve its psychoactive and therapeutic effects.

The importance of the entourage effect lies in the fact that it can increase the efficacy of cannabis-based treatments, allowing patients to achieve better results with lower doses of cannabinoids. It can also help reduce some of the unwanted side effects associated with high-dose cannabinoid use.

In conclusion, the entourage effect is an important phenomenon in cannabis medicine and more and more research is being carried out to better understand how the different components of cannabis work together to produce broader and more potent therapeutic effects.

Written by:
Carlos Vera

Carlos Vera

CEO & Founder

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