There are currently 3 types of CBD oils on the market:
- Full Spectrum CBD Oil
- Broad Spectrum CBD oil
- Pure or Isolate CBD Oil
If a CBD product contains several natural extracts from the cannabis plant, such as terpenes and other cannabinoids (including THC), it is CBD from full spectrum or Full Spectrum.
CBD from Broad Spectrum also contains various compounds from the cannabis plant such as terpenes and other cannabinoids like CBG, CBD, CBN or CBE, but is usually completely free of THC, which is the only difference with Full Spectrum CBD Oil.
CBD isolate is the third common form of CBD. It is the pure form of CBD, a white powder made by a rather aggressive chemical method using chemical solvents, which only allows the survival of a single molecule, CBD, it does not contain other compounds of the cannabis plant, such as terpenes, essential fatty acids or polyphenols.
However, although these terms have some meaning, "CBD" and related terms are not highly regulated, so some companies may use the words interchangeably or misuse them. This is something that does not happen at Bove Health, due to the scientific input on which our company is based.
Try our CBD and CBG Oil: Balance Oil
There are three main ways to extract CBD from the cannabis plant. These are:
- Carbon dioxide extraction: This method uses CO2 to separate the CBD oil from the cannabis plant. It is a popular extraction method for CBD products and is able to successfully produce a high concentration of CBD. (Full Spectrum and Broad Spectrum)
- Steam distillation: With this method, steam helps to separate the oil from the plant material. It is a popular method for extracting essential oils from plants, but is not as effective as the CO2 method. (Broad Spectrum)
- Solvent extraction: Although this method is effective if solvents are left behind, the process poses a potential health risk. Solvent extraction can also affect the taste of the extract. (Pure CBD)
Benefits of Full Spectrum CBD
Full-spectrum CBD has numerous other cannabinoid compounds from the cannabis plant, along with low levels of THC.
However, THC levels can increase when the manufacturer creates a concentrate. For example, some tinctures can contain up to 2 milligrams per millilitre of THC, and this can, in some cases, have a euphoric effect.
Full-spectrum CBD also contains terpenes from the cannabis plant. Terpenes often give plants their aroma.
Research points to the existence of the "entourage effect", which postulates that when multiple compounds of the cannabis plant are present alongside CBD extract, this increases the health benefits of CBD. which postulates that when multiple compounds from the cannabis plant are present along with the CBD extract, this enhances the health benefits of CBD.
As full-spectrum products contain compounds in addition to CBD, such as THC, they can maximise the "entourage effect".
Benefits of Broad Spectrum CBD:
Broad-spectrum CBD products also contain additional compounds from the cannabis plant, such as cannabinol (CBN), cannabichromene (CBC), cannabigerol (CBG) and terpenes.
Broad Spectrum CBD may have the following potential health effects:
- Natural antibiotic
- Pain relief
It can also alleviate symptoms of some psychotic conditions and provide relief from muscle spasms.
A 2018 review also suggests that flavonoids and terpenes in CBD may have anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects.
Most full-spectrum CBD products do not contain THC. All Bove Health products are made with Broad Spectrum CBD, and are THC-free. Like full-spectrum CBD, Broad Spectrum CBD products also have additional health benefits due to the "entourage effect" of all its molecules: cannabinoids, terpenes and fatty acids.
Broad-spectrum CBD may be more suitable for people who wish to avoid THC, as even low amounts of full-spectrum CBD could show up in a drug test.
CBD isolate contains only CBD and no other compounds from the cannabis plant.
People who wish to avoid THC altogether may prefer to choose CBD isolate products.
By using CBD isolate products, a person can determine whether CBD alone effectively relieves their ailments, as there are no other active compounds present that could interfere or interact with its effect.
As mentioned above, scientific studies suggest that the use of CBD products containing multiple compounds from the cannabis plant may produce more prominent and effective effects than CBD alone (see graph).