There are already quite a few studies scientific studies have amply demonstrated the great anti-inflammatory and analgesic potential of CBD for the symptoms of menstruation and even menopause.
Three-quarters of women experience some form of pain during their sexual intercourse. menstrual cycle, and for 10%, the pain is disabling to the point of completely affecting her daily life. In medical terms, this sensation is known as "dysmenorrhoea" and can be life-threatening for any woman. The pain is the result of the natural contractions and inflammation of the uterus to get rid of unfertilised endometrial cells.
For the vast majority of women around the world, menstruation brings not only the discomfort of menstrual flow and bleeding, but also a general discomfort/pain that makes it difficult for them to go about their daily activities. In this blog, we will look at how and why you can use the CBD oil to relieve menstrual cramps and improve your quality of life as a woman.
What is CBD?
CBD, or cannabidiol, is the second most common active ingredient in cannabis (marijuana). Although CBD is an essential component of medical cannabis, it is obtained directly from the hemp plant, a "cousin" of marijuana. CBD, one of the 106 molecular components of marijuana, does not cause a "high" on its own. According to a report by thea World Health OrganisationIn humans, CBD has no effects indicative of any potential for abuse or dependence..... To date, there is no evidence of public health concerns associated with the use of pure CBD.
The most common symptoms of menstruation
It is necessary to clarify that not only during the menstrual period, but also during the period leading up to it. (known as premenstrual syndrome). the following kind of symptoms may occur:
- Pain or cramps in the pelvic and abdominal area.
- Lower back pain
- Pain, swelling and/or tenderness in the breasts.
- Changes in appetite.
- Mood swings and irritability
- Feeling of tiredness
- Acne outbreaks
The intensity of the pain caused by the menstrual cramps can change from person to person. While some women feel no pain at all during menstruation, others may experience very intense and even debilitating pain. Sometimes, this pain is so intense and prolonged that it can cause anxiety and even lead to the depression because of its impact on health and well-being.
Apart from factors directly related to the cycle, other factors can contribute to the pain of menstrual cramps. These include poor nutritionthe stress emotional and lack of physical activity.
Menstrual cramps can be both uncomfortable and unbearable. Approximately 10% to 15% of menstruating women experience a cramp. pain so intense that they have to miss work or school.
Menstrual-related health problems are still not well studied, and the common perception of menstrual pain is that it is non-specific or almost non-existent, as if women were destined to suffer from it without much complaint. Moreover, the specific solutions offered by medicine are very scarce and very often end up with the administration of painkillers or the prescription of contraceptives (both drugs with rather strong side effects).
How does CBD act on the female reproductive system?
To explain what effects CBD can have, we have to explain the Endocannabinoid System. This cellular communication system was discovered through research on phytocannabinoids in the 1990s.
The Endocannabinoid System is present throughout our body and its main task is to regulate the activity of other systems and organs in order to maintain homeostasis (the scientific word for balance) of the organism. The best-known receptors of the endocannabinoid system are the receptors CB1 y CB2. And they are closely related to inflammation, dopamine and serotonin.
How does CBD help with menstrual cycle symptoms?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is increasingly popular among women who want to relieve menstrual pain without necessarily resorting to regular painkillers. Cannabidiol has long been studied for the treatment of many forms of pain, including neuropathic and chronic pain.
Recently, scientific interest has also focused on cannabidiol, specifically for its use in the fight against menstrual pain. Indeed, cannabidiol acts weakly on CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors. However, it is able to interact with several neurotransmitters in the central nervous system.
In particular, its involvement in the regulation of endogenous adenosine levels has been observed. In fact, the analgesic effects of CBD appear to be antagonised by substances that inhibit adenosine A1 receptors, which in turn are involved in pain transmission.
The effects of CBD on pain transmission have been shown to be significant.
According to a study 2011, CBD can selectively inhibit cycloxygenase production, the enzyme responsible for inflammation.
In this way would help alleviate both uterine and breast inflammation. in order to reduce pain and any inconvenience it may cause.
How to take CBD oil for menstrual pain
Route of administration
Sublingual: The sublingual route involves placing a few drops of CBD under the tongue and holding them in the mouth until they are absorbed into the oral mucosa. This method requires no prior preparation and its effects can be felt quickly. It is quick, easy and discreet.
*In Spain, the ingested or sublingual use of CBD is not regulated. In countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Germany, Italy and Switzerland it is marketed as a food supplement, and sublingual use is recommended to increase and optimise the effects of the substance.
What do you need to know about sublingual CBD?
Sublingual application provides a fast and effective effect. CBD molecules pass through the thin layer of tissue under the tongue and immediately diffuse into capillaries, blood and cells, offering a high bioavailability of 40-50%.
Since sublingual application bypasses the digestive tract, it won't take long to feel the effects. However, they will not last as long as the effects of orally ingested CBD. Although it is a quick method, sublingual CBD lacks the taste and creativity that oral cannabidiol offers, but you will trade cakes, jelly beans and smoothies for simplicity and efficacy.
The consumption of most CBD oils combines the oral and sublingual method, as you first hold the oil under your tongue and then swallow the rest, combining the advantages of both methods.
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Topical: Topical CBD does not reach the bloodstream, but interacts with receptors in the skin (our largest organ) to keep it balanced, healthy and supple. Topical formulas contain many different molecules that help maintain skin health and slow the signs of ageing.
What do you need to know about topical CBD?
Topical CBD acts only on the skin. Cannabidiol and other natural ingredients do not reach the bloodstream. Instead, topical CBD penetrates the skin's epidermis to produce profoundly nourishing effects through the skin's endocannabinoid system (ECS) receptors.
The SEC of the skin, whose task is to maintain the proper functioning of this organ, dictates the delicate balance of cell proliferation, growth and differentiation.
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Who should not use CBD for menstrual pain?
After several studies on CBD, we know what to do, but we are also slowly learning what not to do with CBD. These are the people who should not use CBD in their routine:
- Persons pregnant or breastfeeding women.
- Persons with allergy to Hemp or the plant family Cannabaceae.
- Persons with a treatment involving other medication (to avoid any conflict between the CBD and the medication).
- People who take contraceptives containing oestrogen.
Bíró, T., Tóth, B. I., Haskó, G., Paus, R., & Pacher, P. (2009). The endocannabinoid system of the skin in health and disease: novel perspectives and therapeutic opportunities. NCBI. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2757311/
Nagarkatti, P. et al. "Cannabinoids as novel anti-inflammatory drugs." Future medicinal chemistry 17 (2009).
Oláh A, Tóth BI, Borbíró I, Sugawara K, Szöllõsi AG, Czifra G, Pál B, Ambrus L, Kloepper J, Camera E, et al. Cannabidiol exerts sebostatic and anti-inflammatory effects on human sebocytes. J Clin Invest. (2014)